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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 334-340

Mobile health technology in the prevention and management of Type 2 diabetes


1 Global Obesity Centre (GLOBE), World Health Organisation Collaborating Centre for Obesity Prevention, Deakin University, Geelong Waterfront campus, Geelong, Victoria, Australia; Dr. Mohan's Diabetes Specialities Centre and Madras Diabetes Research Foundation, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Dr. Mohan's Diabetes Specialities Centre and Madras Diabetes Research Foundation, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Global Obesity Centre (GLOBE), World Health Organisation Collaborating Centre for Obesity Prevention, Deakin University, Geelong Waterfront campus, Geelong, Victoria, Australia

Correspondence Address:
Viswanathan Mohan
Dr. Mohan's Diabetes Specialities Centre and Madras Diabetes Research Foundation, No: 6, Conran Smith Road, Gopalapuram, Chennai - 600 086, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijem.IJEM_407_16

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Essential steps in diabetes prevention and management include translating research into the real world, improving access to health care, empowering the community, collaborative efforts involving physicians, diabetes educators, nurses, and public health scientists, and access to diabetes prevention and management efforts. Mobile phone technology has shown wide acceptance across various ages and socioeconomic groups and offers several opportunities in health care including self-management as well as prevention of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The future seems to lie in mobile health (mHealth) applications that can use embedded technology to showcase advanced uses of a smartphone to help with prevention and management of chronic disorders such as T2DM. This article presents a narrative review of the mHealth technologies used for the prevention and management of T2DM. Majority (48%) of the studies used short message service (SMS) technology as their intervention while some studies (29%) incorporated applications for medication reminders and insulin optimization for T2DM management. Few studies (23%) showed that, along with mHealth technology, health-care professionals' support resulted in added positive outcomes for the patients. This review highlights the fact that an mHealth intervention need not be restricted to SMS alone.


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